The park covers 190 acres and the elevation is 636 feet, so it’s not super-tall, but it does provide nice views of downtown Portland. As that material mixed with atmospheric gases, it prevented substantial amounts of sunlight from reaching Earth’s surface, eventually reducing the average global temperature by as much as 3 °C (5.4 °F). Black Friday Sale! Mount Tambora, also called Mount Tamboro, Indonesian Gunung Tambora, volcanic mountain on the northern coast of Sumbawa island, Indonesia, that in April 1815 exploded in the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. It was named by Plympton Kelly, son of Oregon City pioneer resident Clinton Kelly. Several articles have been published on the volcanic nature of Mt. The lava field has been extinct for over 300,000 years. Please visit Willamette Week Q & A, Geoprisms, and Columbia River Images for more details, or download our brochure on the Geological History of Mt. Nobody even discovered there was an old volcano here until 1912, a year after the first park was established. 4. This 1975 report compiled by the Oregon Dept. What is the highest mountain range in South America? Tabor in Israel. Tabor Park. Corrections? In which country are the Southern Alps located? Several articles have been published on the volcanic nature of Mt. In 1816, parts of the world as far away as western Europe and eastern North America experienced sporadic periods of heavy snow and killing frost through June, July, and August. Please visit. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Aerial view of the summit caldera of Mount Tambora, Sumbawa island, Indonesia. Such cold weather events led to crop failures and starvation in those regions, and the year 1816 was called the “year without a summer.”. Tambora’s catastrophic eruption began on April 5, 1815, with small tremors and pyroclastic flows. Mount Tabor Hikers are treated to stunning views of Mount Hood from Portland's Mount Tabor. The volcano remains active; smaller eruptions took place in 1880 and 1967, and episodes of increased seismic activity occurred in 2011, 2012, and 2013. Omissions? Mount Tabor (הר תבור (Har Tavor) is located in Lower Galilee, Israel, at the eastern end of the Jezreel Valley, 18 kilometres (11 mi) west of the Sea of Galilee. Young Volcanoes in WA, OR & ID. Updates? It is now 2,851 metres (9,354 feet) high, having lost much of its top in the 1815 eruption. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Some scientists hypothesize that…. Tabor Park. © 2020 Friends of Mt. Bend is the only other city in Oregon with a volcano within its city limits (Pilot Butte). Tabor Park. Consequently, they have been linked to conditions of lower average temperature around the world that may last a few years. Eruptions of Mount Rainier usually produce much less volcanic ash than do eruptions at Mount St. Helens . Some 80,000 people perished from disease and famine, since crops could not grow. A shattering blast blew the mountain apart on the evening of April 10. … in Iceland in 1783 and Tambora on Sumbawa Island in 1815. Lace your climbing boots tight, because this quiz will test whether you can conquer the highest peaks of knowledge. Portland is one of four cities in the United States to have an extinct volcano within its boundaries. of Geology and Mineral Industries is an excellent resource. Very High Threat Potential 1 Crater Lake Glacier Peak Mount Baker Mount Hood Mount Rainier Mount St. Helens Newberry Three Sisters High Threat Potential 1 Mount Adams Moderate Threat Potential 1 Mount Bachelor Low to Very Low Threat Potential 1 Belknap Black Butte Crater Lava Field Blue Lake Crater Cinnamon Butte Brady Wahl. Though comparatively low (1,929 feet [588 m]), it dominates the level landscape around it, leading to the biblical expression “like Tabor among the mountains” (Jeremiah 46:18). The lava field has been extinct for over 300,000 years. Portland’s Mount Tabor, a volcanic cinder cone, is one of the city’s natural crown jewels. The name refers to Mount Tabor, Israel, part of Portland's distinct Jewish culture and past. compiled by the Oregon Dept. Premium Membership is now 50% off! The two remaining urban volcanos are Jackson Volcano in Jackson, Mississippi, and Diamond Head in Honolulu. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The volcanic nature of Mount Tabor became known in 1912, years after reservoirs and a public park were developed on it. Mount Tabor is a volcanic cinder cone and was named after the Mt. Part of the Boring Lava Field, Mt Tabor has been extinct for over 300,000 years, so there is no need to be concerned that the sleeping force will awaken. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Tabor Park - No unauthorized use of these images or text is allowed. It is now 2,851 metres (9,354 feet) … Few People Realize There is An Extinct Volcano Right in Portland. Mount Tabor is a dormant cinder cone of the Boring Lava Field, an extensive network of cinder cones and small shield volcanoes ranging from Boring, Oregon, to southwest Washington, and dating to the Plio-Pleistocene era. on the Geological History of Mt. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Not everyone knows it, but Portland is just one of four cities in the country that has an extinct volcano within its city limits. of Geology and Mineral Industries is an excellent resource. Explosive eruptions propel gases and ash into the stratosphere, where they reflect incoming solar radiation. The immediate effects were most profound on Sumbawa and surrounding islands. Many volcanologists regard the Mount Tambora eruption as the largest and most-destructive volcanic event in recorded history, expelling as much as 150 cubic km (roughly 36 cubic miles) of ash, pumice and other rock, and aerosols—including an estimated 60 megatons of sulfur—into the atmosphere. Tabor Park. Mount Tabor is a dormant cinder cone of the Boring Lava Field, an extensive network of cinder cones and small shield volcanoes ranging from Boring, Oregon, to southwest Washington, and dating to the Plio-Pleistocene era. The eruption of Mount Tambora, which began on April 5, 1815, devastated much of the island of Sumbawa and the surrounding region and influenced weather across the globe. Before its eruption Mount Tambora was about 4,300 metres (14,000 feet) high. After the eruption ended, a caldera spanning some 6 km (3.7 miles) across remained. Three other cinder cones from this field also lie within the city of Portland: Rocky Butte, Powell Butte, and Kelly Butte. Mount Tabor, Hebrew Har Tavor, Arabic Jabal Aṭ-ṭur, historic elevation of northern Israel, in Lower Galilee near the edge of the Plain of Esdraelon (ʿEmeq Yizreʿel). The blast, pyroclastic flows, and tsunamis that followed killed at least 10,000 islanders and destroyed the homes of 35,000 more. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Mount-Tambora, UCAR - Center for Science Education - Mount Tambora and the Year Without a Summer, Mount Tambora - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Mount Tambora - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Mount Tambora, also called Mount Tamboro, Indonesian Gunung Tambora, volcanic mountain on the northern coast of Sumbawa island, Indonesia, that in April 1815 exploded in the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history.