Examples and Observations "I'm sorry but there's a handsome man in my spoon. The first sentence is given as an example. The underlined words are the Subject of the sentence. Identify each as adverbial, adjectival, or nominal. ), (Infinitive or Gerund? It was impossible for us-----4. The to-infinitive to indicate the purpose or intention of an action Infinitives can be used as: an object following the verb: Jim always forgets to eat; a subject at the beginning of a sentence: To travel around the world requires a lot of time and money. See this page about verbs followed by infinitives. Find an answer to your question Complete the following sentences, by using Infinitive constructions.PLZ ANSWER FAST.IRRELEVANT ANSWERS WILL BE REPORTED. All rights reserved. The to-infinitive is used frequently with the adverbs too and enough to express the reasoning behind our satisfaction or insatisfaction. On our first day in London, our guide (tell us / what / do) in London. There is a common pattern using the to-infinitive with an adjective. The question word why is followed by the zero infinitive when making suggestions. © EF Education First 2020. So, it is possible to use both infinitives and gerunds as subjects, but gerunds are much more commonly used as subjects. They were excited to hear about the birth of her baby. Complete the following sentences using gerunds or to-infinitives whichever is appropriate. the Objective-with-the-Infinitive Construction. An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why.. An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary).. In English, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. Predicative Construction with the Gerund. The to-infinitive to indicate the purpose or intention of an action It is a shame for him----- 6. Complex Subject is used: a) with the following verbs in the Passive Voice: see, hear, think, consider, know, expect, believe, suppose, make, say, report, allege,etc. Nominal and Verbal Characteristic Feat... (to) go, (to) be,(to) ask, (to) fight, (to) understand, (to) walk . It is rude for the young----- 3. College/university students & young adults. Answers 1. fail | get | guarentee | hate | help | hesitate | hope | hurry | incline | intend | learn | long | : He was seen to disappear in the distance. (Verbs followed by the infinitive. form, note that in some cases both forms can be correct). Transform the direct speech into infinitive Ex: to buy, to work. The teacher instructed the students to line up in pairs. The negative infinitive is formed by putting not in front of any form of the infinitive. It is mean of you-----10. Normally the to-infinitive and everything that follows can be removed, leaving a sentence that still functions grammatically. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive: the perfect infinitive, the perfect continuous infinitive, the continuous infinitive, & the passive infinitive. Coming events cast their shadow. The to-infinitive is used in many sentence constructions, often expressing the purpose of something or someone's opinion about something. Is it a custom for the women-----? Gerund. She (show us … You'll have to come back later." It was impossible for us----- 4. I've invited Jill to come to dinner on Saturday. Complete the sentences using infinitive constructions. Find an answer to your question Complete the following sentences, by using Infinitive constructions.PLZ ANSWER FAST.IRRELEVANT ANSWERS WILL BE REPORTED. "Like everything metaphysical the harmony between thought and reality is to be found in the grammar of the language." How can we encourage a baby to use the toilet rather than his potty? 5. Tell your colleague what the tend | threaten | want | wish. He was punished for coming late. The to-infinitive is used following a large collection of different verbs as well. manage | mean | need |. Choose the right verb). The to-infinitive is used following a large collection of different verbs as well. It would be a pleasure for us----7. The to-infinitive is used in many sentence constructions, often expressing the purpose of something or someone's opinion about something. verb before the Infinitive Construction must be in Simple Past. This is a formal usage and is far more common in written English than spoken. My father taught me (dance / how) We haven't decided yet (put / the bed / where) She was explaining (use / the gadget / how) I forgot to ask (pick him up / where) I wondered (address / him / whether) or not. It is a shame for him----- 6. The Objective-with-the-Infinitive Construction … They were sad to hear about his death. tourists asked you. Just pay attention to how the choice reflects on the tone and meaning of your sentences. - Which is correct? Put the verb into either the gerund (-ing) or the infinitive (with 'to')), Decide whether to use Infinitive (with/without to) or Gerund), Find the infinitive of the verbs and don't forget 'to'), Put the verb into the gerund or the infinitive), Put the vern into the gerund or the infinitive). disappointed * likely . You may need to omit the negative word. The pattern is that too and enough are placed before or after the adjective, adverb, or noun that they modify in the same way they would be without the to-infinitive. Verbs that can be followed by infinitive clauses (as objects) include: agree, begin, decide, hope, intend, like, plan, and propose. The Gerund. Complex Subject contains the Subject complicated by the Infinitive: Ann is said to resemble her sister. 5. Do you expect me to believe you? An infinitive or infinitive clause may also be used after the verb. We were pleased to receive the letter. Complete the following sentences,by using Infinitive constructions :-- 1. After days of pointless fighting, the general ordered the marines to withdraw. Family Guy, 2001) Jane was firm in her desire to live life on her own terms. (Tom Tucker, "The Kiss Seen Round the World." The Objective-with-the-Infinitive construction is a syntactic structure in which the Infinitive is in the predicate relation to a noun in the common case or a pronoun in the objective case. ), offer | plan | prepare | pretend | promise | refuse | resolve | say | seem | An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. We are happy to see you here. each sentence. It is dangerous for children-----2. 2. claim | come | consent | dare | decide | demand | deserve | determine | elect | endeavour | expect | In this pattern, the to-infinitive follows a noun or pronoun. The present infinitive base is the verb form you will find in a dictionary. In this case to has the same meaning as in order to or so as to. lucky . The to-infinitive is used following a large collection of different verbs as well. It is rude for the young-----3. ( Locate the With verbs of perception, the pattern is verb + object + zero infinitive. The to-infinitive is used in many sentence constructions, often expressing the purpose of something or someone's opinion about something. I tried to persuade them to stay, but they said they were too tired. subject + to be + adjective + (for/of someone) + to-infinitive + (rest of sentence), To use the to-infinitive when making a comment or judgement about a noun, the pattern is: